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Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Prior to the twentieth century, what were the leading causes of death?

a.

unhealthy behaviors

c.

controllable risk factors

b.

infectious diseases

d.

age, race, and gender

____ 2. Controllable risk factors for heart disease include

a.

age, race, and gender.

b.

heredity, weight, and physical activity.

c.

high blood pressure, smoking, and age.

d.

physical activity, weight, and smoking.

____ 3. Knowledge of health information needed to make good health decisions is

a.

health literacy.

c.

emotional health.

b.

physical health.

d.

wellness.

____ 4. What is the cause of most health problems today?

a.

lifestyle

c.

risk factors

b.

infectious diseases

d.

heredity

____ 5. The risk behaviors that cause the most serious health problems today include

a.

sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits.

b.

sexual activity and behaviors that cause injuries.

c.

alcohol, drug, and tobacco use.

d.

all of the above

____ 6. Having satisfying relationships is an example of good

a.

spiritual health.

c.

emotional health.

b.

mental health.

d.

social health.

____ 7. Manuel is a well-adjusted person. He maintains friendships, controls stress, deals with everyday problems, exercises, and eats a balanced diet. Manuel feels good about himself and is able to make decisions that maximize his health. Manuel has

a.

physical health.

c.

good self-esteem.

b.

average health.

d.

wellness.

____ 8. What is the single leading preventable cause of death in the United States?

a.

a high-fat diet

c.

homicide

b.

failure to wear a seat belt

d.

tobacco use

____ 9. Health concerns can be addressed by

a.

conducting medical research and developing new technologies.

b.

promoting health education.

c.

creating public policies such as governmental regulations.

d.

all of the above

____ 10. Abel is mentally healthy. He

a.

expresses emotions constructively and asks for help when heís sad.

b.

recycles used paper, glass, and aluminum.

c.

has high self-esteem, enjoys new things, and is free of mental illness.

d.

respects others, has supportive relationships, and expresses needs to others.

____ 11. What is the major cause of death for teens?

a.

homicide

c.

infectious diseases

b.

car accidents

d.

suicide

____ 12. The values, beliefs, and practices shared by people who have a common background make up the groupís

a.

culture.

c.

environment.

b.

society.

d.

inheritance.

____ 13. Which of the following actions contribute to environmental health?

a.

keeping your air and water clean

b.

keeping your food safe

c.

keeping your surroundings safe and enjoyable

d.

all of the above

____ 14. Many of the leading causes of death among teenagers and adults can best be prevented through

a.

changes in the environment.

b.

new and better medical treatment.

c.

lifestyle changes.

d.

government regulations of public health.

COMPLETION

Complete each statement.

Completion (Answers)

a.

mental health

a.

heart disease

b.

wellness continuum

b.

spiritual health

c.

controllable risk factors

c.

risk factors

d.

health risk behaviors

d.

sedentary

e.

cultural influences

e.

environmental health

a.

public health

a.

wellness

b.

advocate

b.

public service announcement

15. Interacting well with people is an example of good ____________________.

16. Being physically active would have a positive effect on your position on the _________________________.

17. Smoking, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyle are ____________________________ that contribute to the development of heart disease.

18. Most of the serious health issues that affect teens are related to _________________________.

19. Hereditary influences, social influences, and _________________________ impact your health.

20. The practice of protecting and improving the health in a community is ____________________.

21. A(n) ____________________ is someone who speaks out in favor of something.

22. The major cause of death for adults over age 65 is ____________________.

23. A belief in a unifying force is an example of ____________________.

24. Uncontrollable ____________________ for disease include age, gender, race, and heredity.

25. Not exercising on a regular basis is known as being ____________________.

26. The six components of health include physical health, mental health, social health, emotional health, spiritual health, and _________________________.

27. Optimal health is described by the term "____________________."

28. A message designed to teach people about an issue is called a(n) ____________________________.

Matching

Match each item with the correct statement.

a.

physical health

a.

wellness

b.

social health

b.

value

c.

risk factor

c.

health literacy

d.

sedentary

d.

public health

e.

mental health

e.

advocate

a.

emotional health

a.

health

b.

spiritual health

b.

public service announcement

____ 29. not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis

____ 30. ability to control and appropriately express feelings

____ 31. having a sense of self-worth and the ability to tolerate differences

____ 32. knowledge of health information needed to make good health decisions

____ 33. aspects of health related to the body

____ 34. anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems

____ 35. involves interacting well with people and having satisfying relationships

____ 36. a strong belief or ideal

____ 37. ability to find peace with yourself and with those around you

____ 38. optimal health in each of the six components of health

____ 39. state of well-being that comes from a good balance of the six components of health

____ 40. a message created to educate people about an issue

____ 41. one who speaks or argues in favor of something

____ 42. the practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community

Section: Health and Teens

Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank.

______ 43. Something that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems is

a. a lifestyle disease.

b. a risk factor.

c. unhealthy.

d. uncontrollable.

______ 44. Health risk behaviors include

a. sedentary lifestyle and poor diet.

b. alcohol or drug use and smoking.

c. sexual activity and behaviors that can cause injury.

d. All of the above

______ 45. Paul plays soccer three afternoons a week, does not smoke, eats a health-promoting diet, and maintains a recommended weight. Paul

a. will not develop a lifestyle disease.

b. cannot change the fact that he will develop heart disease, because his father has it.

c. is making wise choices that help him lower his risk for developing a lifestyle disease.

d. has an increased chance of developing a lifestyle disease.

______ 46. Prior to the 20th century, the primary cause of death was

a. infectious disease.

b. lifestyle disease.

c. a high-fat diet.

d. smoking.

______47. Uncontrollable risk factors include

a. age.

b. race.

c. gender.

d. All of the above

Section: Health and Wellness

Listed below are the components of total health and the various actions people can take to improve them. On the line next to each phrase, write the letter of the matching health component. Components may be used more than once or not at all.

a. physical health

b. social health

c. mental health

d. emotional health

e. environmental health

a. spiritual health

______ 48. Stop smoking.

______ 49. Take steps to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

______ 50. Talk to trusted family members or friends about concerns you have.

______ 51. Get involved in volunteer work.

______ 52. Do things that will make you feel good about yourself and increase your sense of self-worth.

Section: Health in Your Community

Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank.

______ 53. The insulin pump is a that came about through medical research.

a. computer

b. medical advance

c. glucose meter

d. diabetes cure

______ 54. Using computers to develop new products that help people lead healthier lives is one way in which can be used to solve health problems.

a. public health

b. education

c. public policy

d. technology

______ 55. Passing laws providing funds for medical research is an example of

how addresses public health.

a. public policy

b. education

c. technology

d. law enforcement

______ 56. Improving the health of others by speaking out and promoting health issues is known as .

a. public health

b. education

c. advocacy

d. public policy

______ 57. School health classes use to promote positive health behaviors.

a. education

b. prevention

c. research

d. quizzes

Leading a Healthy Life

PART I

Match the definitions on the right with the terms of the bottom.

______ 58. uncontrollable risk factor

______ 59. emotional health

______ 60. mental health

______ 61. risk factor

______ 62. physical health

______ 63. health literacy

______ 64. social health

______ 65. public health

______ 66. spiritual health

______67. wellness

a. aspects of health related to the body

b. involves interacting well with people and having satisfying relationships

c. feeling good about oneself

d. age, race, gender, and heredity

e. knowledge of health information needed to make good health decisions

a. ability to appropriately express feelings

b. ability to be at peace with yourself and with those around you

c. achieved by looking at your total health from a positive perspective

d. the practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community

e. anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems

PART II

Write the letter of the correct answer in the blank.

______68. Manuel is a well-adjusted person. He maintains friendships, controls stress, deals with everyday problems, exercises, and eats a balanced diet. Manuel feels good about himself and is able to make decisions that maximize his health. Manuel has

a. environmental health.

b. average health.

c. public health.

d. optimal health.

______69. Annette spends her Saturday morning collecting signatures on a petition to preserve a local park. Annette is a(n)

a. advocate.

b. protester.

c. policymaker.

d. researcher.

______70. How can having good physical health affect a personís mental health?

a. Good physical health helps a person feel unity with other human beings.

b. Good physical health encourages respect for others.

c. Good physical health lowers controllable risk factors.

d. Good physical health promotes high self-esteem.

______71. Prior to the 20th century, most deaths were due to

a. homicide.

b. car accidents.

c. infectious diseases.

d. suicide.

______72. Which component of your health does public policy have the most control over?

a. emotional health

b. mental health

c. spiritual health

d. environmental health

______73. The leading cause of death among children and infants today is

a. homicide.

b. car accidents.

c. diseases.

d. suicide.

______74. Controllable risk factors for heart disease include

a. physical activity.

b. smoking.

c. weight and diet.

d. All of the above

______75. Health knowledge is to health behavior as

a. studying is to teaching.

b. advocate is to congress member.

c. knowing is to doing.

d. public service announcement is to public policy.

______76. The term wellness describes

a. the achievement of a personís best in all six components of health.

b. maintaining good relationships with others.

c. the absence of disease or injury.

d. an unrealistic goal to strive toward.

______77. The ways in which health issues can be addressed include

a. medical advances and technology.

b. public policy.

c. education.

d. All of the above

Match the descriptions with the terms below.

a. the six components of health

b. health risk behaviors that most directly affect physical health

c. wellness

d. lifestyle disease

e. public service announcement

a. uncontrollable risk factors for disease

b. ways to take charge of your wellness

c. types of influences on wellness

d. the ways in which health issues can be addressed

e. infectious disease

______78. knowledge, lifestyle, and attitude

______79. being inactive, eating poorly, smoking, using drugs or alcohol, being sexually active, and engaging in behaviors that can cause injury

______80. physical, emotional, spiritual, mental, environmental, and social health

______81. hereditary, social, and cultural

______82. the major causes of death in the 1800s and early 1900s

______83. medical advances, technology, public policy, education

______84. age, race, heredity, and gender

______85. a balance of all of the components of health

______86. a message designed to teach people about an issue

______87. a disease caused partly by unhealthy behaviors