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Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The brain reward system describes how
a.
drugs of abuse are taken into the body.
b.
neurotransmitters release chemicals at synapses.
c.
the release of dopamine causes pleasure, reinforcing a behavior.
d.
students can get good grades by studying hard.
 

 2. 

Drugs can enter your body
a.
through inhalation and ingestion.
b.
by release from implanted pumps or injection.
c.
via transdermal patches and topical application.
d.
all of the above
 

 3. 

The agency responsible for ensuring the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics is
a.
the Food and Drug Administration.
b.
the Department of Health and Human Services.
c.
the Department of the Interior.
d.
the Office of the Surgeon General of the United States.
 

 4. 

Peter broke his arm playing football. The doctor wrote a prescription for a painkiller. The prescription said to take one tablet every four hours as needed for pain. Peter only took two tablets–one after he got home from having his arm set and another 4 hours later. Those were the only times his arm hurt. Peter
a.
abused the painkillers.
c.
misused the painkillers.
b.
used the painkillers correctly.
d.
became addicted to the painkillers.
 

 5. 

Steve is suffering from a headache and congestion. When choosing an over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, he should
a.
read labels to see which medicine will best relieve his symptoms.
b.
choose a generic drug.
c.
choose a brand-name drug.
d.
choose an antihistamine.
 

 6. 

Herbal remedies and dietary supplements differ from OTC medicines because
a.
they are not regulated by the FDA.
c.
they are safer than medicines.
b.
they do not work.
d.
they are more thoroughly researched.
 

 7. 

Prescriptions are required for some drugs because
a.
some illnesses are serious and should be evaluated by a doctor.
b.
some prescription medicines are very powerful.
c.
prescriptions require that a doctor evaluate your needs.
d.
all of the above
 

 8. 

The effects of a medicine can be influenced by whether
a.
it was taken with a lot of water.
c.
it was sold over the counter.
b.
it was taken with another medicine.
d.
it was in a safety bottle.
 

 9. 

Dewayne had a bad cold. He decided to take an over-the-counter medication to help relieve his cold symptoms. After he took the medication he began to feel very sleepy. This feeling of sleepiness is most likely due to
a.
side effects of the drug.
c.
interactions among drugs.
b.
misuse of the drug.
d.
an allergy.
 

 10. 

Which of the following is not an over-the-counter drug?
a.
ibuprofen
c.
antihistamine
b.
antibiotic
d.
cortisone cream
 

 11. 

Problems that can occur as a result of drug use include
a.
allergic reactions.
c.
drug interactions.
b.
side effects.
d.
all of the above
 

 12. 

Which of the following is not found on a prescription label?
a.
possible side effects of the drug
b.
refill information
c.
dose information
d.
the amount of the drug in the prescription
 

 13. 

Carla’s doctor prescribed an antibiotic for her sinus infection. After taking the medicine, her skin became itchy, and she started to wheeze. Which statement describes Carla’s situation?
a.
She might be experiencing an anaphylactic reaction to the antibiotic.
b.
She might be experiencing a life-threatening reaction.
c.
She might require emergency medical care.
d.
all of the above
 

 14. 

The path to addiction follows which of the following sequences?
a.
drug use, dependence, tolerance, addiction
b.
dependence, tolerance, drug use, addiction
c.
drug use, tolerance, dependence, addiction
d.
drug use, dependence, addiction, tolerance
 

 15. 

What is the sequence of events in the approval of a medicine for human use?
a.
laboratory testing (chemical or cell), animal testing, testing on healthy humans, clinical trials
b.
animal testing, testing on cell cultures, testing on healthy humans, clinical trials
c.
laboratory testing (chemical or cell), animal testing, clinical trials, testing on healthy humans
d.
animal testing, laboratory testing (chemical or cell), clinical trials, testing on healthy humans
 

 16. 

If you are feeling depressed or anxious about something, what should you do first to try to solve your problem?
a.
Take a couple of aspirin and read a book.
b.
Go out and have fun drinking beer with your friends.
c.
Talk over your problems with someone you trust.
d.
Get a mild tranquilizer from your doctor.
 
 
Completion

Complete each statement.

Completion (Answers)

a.

relieve pain
 
 

 

a.

medicine

 

 

 

b.

stimulant
 
 

 

b.

stimulant
 

 

 

c.

antibiotic
 
 

 

c.

dose
 

 

d.

sedative

 

 

 

d.

psychoactive

 

 

 

e.

steroid anti-inflammatory

 

 

 

e.

side effect

 

 

 

a.

physical dependence

 

 

 

a.

synapses

 

 

 

b.

hormone

 

 

 

b.

 
 

 

c.

topical application

 

 

 

c.

 
 

 

d.

drug allergies, side effects, drug interactions

 

 

 

d.

 

 

17. Analgesics are used to ____________________.
 

 18. 

A medicine that increases alertness and helps a person with ADHD focus his or her attention is called a(n) ____________________.
 

 19. 

Amoxicillin is a(n) ____________________, which acts by killing bacteria to help cure infections.
 

 20. 

A ____________________ is a prescription drug that might be useful to treat insomnia.
 

 21. 

Itchy skin might be relieved by the topical application of a(n) _________________________, such as cortisone cream.
 

 22. 

A condition in which the body relies on a given drug to help it function is ____________________.
 

 23. 

Insulin is a(n) ____________________ that lowers blood sugar.
 

 24. 

Applying medicine directly to certain body areas for absorption through the skin is called ____________________.
 

 25. 

Three problems that can occur when you take a medicine are ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________.
 

 26. 

A substance that is used to cure or treat an illness or injury is called a ____________________.
 

 27. 

A drug that increases alertness, such as methylphenidate, is called a(n) ____________________.
 

 28. 

The exact amount of a drug to be taken, specified by a prescription or OTC label, is called its ____________________.
 

 29. 

A ____________________ drug is a drug or medicine that affects the brain and changes perceptions, thoughts, or feelings.
 

 30. 

An effect that sometimes occurs along with the expected effect of a drug is a ____________________.
 

 31. 

The small spaces between neurons where neurotransmitters are released are called ____________________.
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
a.
medicine
b.
drug interaction
c.
allergic reaction
d.
drug use
e.
serotonin
a.
side effect
b.
dose, frequency, timing, and duration
c.
stimulant
d.
psychoactive drug
e.
safety, effectiveness, and minor side effects
a.
addiction
b.
anaphylactic shock
c.
drug
d.
generic medicine
e.
prescription
a.
avoidable and treatable
 

 32. 

a medicine made by a company other than the company that developed the original medicine
 

 33. 

a life-threatening reaction to a drug
 

 34. 

a substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state
 

 35. 

a doctor’s written order for a specific medicine
 

 36. 

qualities possessed by a good medicine
 

 37. 

categories that drug addiction falls into
 

 38. 

a condition in which a person can no longer control his or her drug use
 

 39. 

taking a medicine exactly as directed
 

 40. 

a change in the effect of a drug that occurs as a result of it being taken with another drug
 

 41. 

a potentially serious side effect of a medicine
 

 42. 

any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort
 

 43. 

a drug that speeds up body functions
 

 44. 

information included in a prescription
 

 45. 

a neurotransmitter that brings about feelings of pleasure
 

 46. 

an effect that is caused by a drug and is different from the drug’s intended effect
 

 47. 

a drug or medicine that affects thoughts, perceptions, or feelings
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section: Drugs

Write the letter of the correct definition on the line.

a. any substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state

b. any medicine that can be bought without a prescription

c. a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine

d. any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort

e. any effect that is caused by a drug and that is different from the drug’s intended effect

______ 48. medicine

______ 49. drug

______ 50. side effect

______ 51. over-the-counter (OTC) medicine

______ 52. prescription

Section: Drugs as Medicines

PART I

Match each definition with the correct term.

a. a drug or medicine that affects thought, perception, or feelings

b. when a drug reacts with another drug, food, or dietary supplement to make the effect of one of the drugs either greater or smaller

c. a medicine made by a company other than the company that developed the original medicine

______ 53. generic medicine

______ 54. drug interaction

______ 55. psychoactive drug

PART II

Write the letter of the correct answer in each blank.

______ 56. The chemical component that gives a medicine its action is called its

a. clinical trial.

b. generic equivalent.

c. active ingredient.

d. supplement.

______ 57. A complete prescription includes all of the following information except

a. the amount of medicine to take.

b. the expiration date of the medicine.

c. how often you should take the medicine.

d. the time you should take the medicine.

Section: Drugs and the Brain

Write the letter of the correct answer in each blank.

______ 58. Which of the following statements describes how drugs can change the way neurons communicate with each other?

a. Drugs can act like neurotransmitters.

b. Drugs can block neurotransmitters.

c. Drugs can change the amount of neurotransmitters in a synapse.

d. all of the above

______ 59. A condition in which a user needs more of a drug to get the same effect is called

a. addiction.

b. drug tolerance.

c. physical dependence.

d. withdrawal.

______ 60. Drugs of abuse include

a. marijuana.

b. cocaine.

c. nicotine.

d. All of the above

______ 61. The path to drug addiction includes the following steps: dependence, tolerance, addiction, and drug use. What is the correct sequence of these steps?

a. 4, 2, 1, 3

b. 2, 4, 3, 1

c. 3, 1, 4, 2

d. 4, 3, 2, 1

______ 62. Which of the following statements does not accurately describe addiction?

a. It is not treatable.

b. It involves a physical and psychological need for a drug.

c. It is a condition in which a user can no longer control his or her drug use.

d. It is a treatable disease.

Understanding Drugs and Medicines

PART I

Match the terms on the left with the definitions on the right.

______ 63. analgesic

______ 64. stimulant

______ 65. vaccine

______ 66. over-the-counter (OTC) medicine

______ 67. prescription medicine

______ 68. sedative

______ 69. addiction

______ 70. active ingredient

a. a drug that requires a written order from a doctor because it treats serious health conditions or is a very powerful medicine

b. a medicine available without a prescription

c. a medicine that relieves pain

d. a drug that increases alertness

e. a chemical that gives a drug its action

a. a medicine that prevents infection in people exposed to infectious agents

b. a condition in which a person cannot control his or her drug use

c. a medicine that causes sleepiness

PART II

Write the letter of the correct answer in each blank.

______ 71. How do drugs of abuse differ from medicines?

a. Drugs of abuse have no medical purpose, while medicines treat, prevent, or cure illness.

b. Medicines have no medical purpose, while drugs of abuse treat, prevent, or cure illness.

c. Drugs of abuse are psychoactive, while medicines are not.

d. Drugs of abuse always cause addiction, while medicines never do.

______72. Possible problems with medicines include

a. allergic reactions.

b. anaphylactic shock.

c. side effects.

d. All of the above

______73. Which sequence accurately describes the testing of medicines for safety?

a. tests on cell cultures, tests on animals, clinical trials, tests on healthy humans

b. tests on cell cultures, tests on animals, tests on healthy humans, clinical trials

c. clinical trials, tests on cell cultures, tests on animals, tests on healthy humans

d. tests on cell cultures, clinical trials, tests on animals, tests on

healthy humans

______74. While playing soccer, Steve sprained his ankle. His doctor has prescribed an anti-inflammatory medicine. Before taking the new medicine, Steve should

a. ask the doctor if he can take a generic form of the medicine.

b. ask the doctor if there are any side effects.

c. ask the doctor what to do if side effects occur.

d. All of the above

______75. Chemical messengers that help the brain process information and affect emotions are released at

a. neurotransmitters.

b. synapses.

c. tiny spaces.

d. neurons.

______76. In order to be useful as a medicine, a drug must

a. be safe.

b. be effective.

c. have only minor side effects.

d. All of the above

______77. What are the two origins of all drugs?

a. pharmacies and doctor’s offices

b. doctor’s offices and grocery stores

c. natural sources and laboratories

d. laboratories and pharmacies

______78. When choosing an OTC medicine, you should always

a. decide what kind of OTC medicine will work best for you.

b. read the list of uses to find out if the medicine will relieve your illness.

c. decide whether you want a generic or brand-name medicine.

d. All of the above

______ 79. Methods used to administer medicines include

a. implanted pumps and inhalation.

b. injection and ingestion.

c. transdermal patches and topical application.

d. All of the above

______80. The best way to avoid addiction is to

a. avoid drugs.

b. enroll in a drug treatment program.

c. choose friends who use drugs.

d. only occasionally experiment.

______81. Drug withdrawal keeps an addiction going because

a. the addict loses control of his or her behavior.

b. the unpleasant symptoms drive the addict to take more of the drug to relieve the symptoms.

c. drug use activates the brain reward system.

d. laboratories and pharmacies have drugs.

______82. Experimentation with drugs can lead to addiction because

a. experimentation can lead to a more regular pattern of abuse.

b. pleasure can lead to repeated use, resulting in tolerance and then physical dependence.

c. adolescent brains are more vulnerable to the effects of drugs than adult brains are.

d. All of the above

Understanding Drugs and Medicine

PART I

Match the terms on the right with the descriptions on the left.

______ 83. qualities that make a drug useful as a medicine

______ 84. methods of delivering drugs to the body

______ 85. origins of all drugs

______ 86. drugs taken for mindaltering effects, but which have no medical purpose

a. safety, effectiveness, minor side effects

b. natural sources and laboratories

c. implanted pump, inhalation, injection, transdermal patch, ingestion, topical application

d. drugs of abuse

PART II

Write the letter of the correct answer on the line.

______ 87. A condition in which a person uses more of a drug in order to get the same effect is

a. addiction.

b. drug tolerance.

c. physical dependence.

d. withdrawal.

______ 88. Wise use of medicine involves

a. asking questions, learning about the medicine, and listening to your body.

b. taking medicines that are prescribed for someone else.

c. stopping taking the medicine as soon as you feel better.

d. mixing medicines to see results sooner.

______ 89. What is the sequence of events in which drugs are approved for medical use?

a. tests on animals, tests on cell cultures, tests on healthy humans, clinical trials

b. tests on cell cultures, tests on animals, clinical trials, tests on healthy humans

c. tests on cell cultures, tests on animals, tests on healthy humans, clinical trials

d. tests on animals, tests on healthy humans, tests on cell cultures, clinical trials

______ 90. David is suffering from a stuffy nose. In choosing an OTC medication, David should

a. read the list of uses to make sure the medication he chooses will treat his stuffy nose.

b. decide what kind of OTC medication will work best to relieve his symptoms.

c. decide whether he wants a generic or a brand-name medication.

d. All of the above

______ 91. Prescriptions are required for some medicines because

a. most people are not smart enough to choose their own medicines.

b. some diseases are very serious and some drugs are very powerful.

c. no one would go to the doctor if all medicines were available OTC.

d. OTC medicines are more expensive.

______92. Sharon’s doctor prescribed an antibiotic for her ear infection. Shortly after she took the medicine, she noticed her skin itching and felt tightness in her chest. These symptoms

a. indicate that Sharon is having a serious reaction to her medication.

b. require emergency medical assistance.

c. indicate that Sharon may be experiencing an anaphylactic reaction to her antibiotic.

d. All of the above

PART III

Match the drugs on the left with their effects on the right.

______93. analgesic

______94. antihistamine

______95. bronchodilator

______96. steroid anti-inflammatory

______97. stimulant

______98. antianxiety medicine

______ 99. vaccine

______100. sedative

a. reduces inflammation of the skin

b. helps people who are panicked calm down

c. causes sleepiness

d. opens airways

e. increases alertness

a. relieves pain

b. prevents infections in people exposed to infectious agents

c. neutralizes stomach acid to relieve heartburn

d. relieves allergy symptoms