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Chapter 13 Online Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

One common type of food poisoning is caused by salmonella bacteria which are often present in which foods?
a.
canned foods
c.
poultry, eggs, and meats
b.
vegetables
d.
all of the above
 

 2. 

Your body’s ability to destroy pathogens that it has previously encountered is called
a.
vaccine.
c.
immunization.
b.
inflammation.
d.
immunity.
 

 3. 

Which of the following cause infectious diseases?
a.
toxic chemicals
c.
genetic disorders
b.
air pollutants
d.
microorganisms
 

 4. 

Which of the following does not cause infectious diseases?
a.
fungi
c.
protozoa
b.
white blood cells
d.
viruses
 

 5. 

Which action does not keep your immune system working effectively?
a.
getting enough sleep
b.
avoiding close contact with healthy people
c.
eating right
d.
exercising regularly
 

 6. 

Which of the following are organisms that cause disease?
a.
pus
c.
antibodies
b.
pathogens
d.
antibiotics
 

 7. 

Infectious diseases can be spread by means of
a.
food and water.
c.
the environment.
b.
animals.
d.
all of the above
 

 8. 

Which of the following is an infectious disease?
a.
heart disease
c.
cancer
b.
flu
d.
all of the above
 

 9. 

The diseases ringworm and athlete’s foot are caused by
a.
parasitic worms.
c.
bacteria.
b.
fungi.
d.
viruses.
 

 10. 

Infectious diseases can be spread by contact with
a.
a contaminated object or environmental source.
b.
an infected animal.
c.
an infected person.
d.
all of the above
 

 11. 

What is the body’s last and most complicated line of defense against infection?
a.
endocrine system
c.
digestive system
b.
circulatory system
d.
immune system
 

 12. 

Which of the following is an infectious disease caused by a virus for which there is no vaccine?
a.
measles
c.
mumps
b.
cold
d.
all of the above
 

 13. 

Tetanus is usually spread by contact with
a.
contaminated soil.
c.
an infected animal.
b.
an infected person.
d.
contaminated food and water.
 

 14. 

Which of the following is not a long-term strategy for preventing disease?
a.
exercising regularly
c.
avoiding stress
b.
skipping meals
d.
getting immunized
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 15. 

Some common diseases caused by ____________________ are the flu, measles, a cold, and mononucleosis.
 

 

 16. 

Some common diseases caused by ____________________ are tetanus, strep throat, sinus infections, and salmonellosis.
 

 

 17. 

Infectious diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, ____________________, and parasites.
 

 

 18. 

A ____________________ of a disease is something an ill person can feel or see.
 

 

 19. 

A common disease caused by a(n) ____________________ is athlete’s foot.
 

 

 20. 

Body lice can be killed using a ____________________ of methods.
 

 

 21. 

A common disease caused by a(n) ____________________ is head lice.
 

 

 22. 

The yellowish substance that builds up around an injury in the process of inflammation is ____________________.
 

 

 23. 

A common way to prevent and treat malaria is with anti-malarial ____________________.
 

 

 24. 

The malaria protozoan is transmitted to humans through a ____________________ bite.
 

 

 25. 

Antibiotics can be used to help cure ____________________ infections.
 

 

 26. 

Bacteria can be killed by ____________________ in sweat and in the stomach.
 

 

 27. 

A common disease caused by a(n) ____________________ is amebic dysentery.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
a.
communicable disease
i.
lymphatic system
b.
bacteria
j.
hepatitis
c.
virus
k.
symptom
d.
fungus
l.
antibiotic
e.
pathogen
m.
vaccine
f.
inflammation
n.
salmonellosis
g.
meningitis
o.
amebic dysentery
h.
antibiotic resistance
p.
white blood cells
 

 28. 

an inflammation of the liver
 

 29. 

an organism that absorbs and uses nutrients of living or dead organisms
 

 30. 

a medication that kills or slows the growth of bacteria
 

 31. 

an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
 

 32. 

an injected substance that causes you to become immune to a disease
 

 33. 

a single-celled organism that can cause disease.
 

 34. 

a reaction to injury or infection, which is characterized by pain, redness, and swelling
 

 35. 

a bacterial infection of the digestive system, usually spread by eating contaminated food
 

 36. 

disease caused by an ameba present in drinking water
 

 37. 

a disease that is usually passed from one person to another
 

 38. 

cells in the blood whose primary job is to defend the body against disease
 

 39. 

a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
 

 40. 

a change that a person notices in his or her body or mind and that is caused by a disease or disorder
 

 41. 

a network of vessels that carries a clear fluid called lymph through the body
 

 42. 

any agent that causes disease
 

 43. 

the smallest pathogens
 

Short Answer
 

 44. 

Why is the immune system important?
 

 45. 

Identify one method of reducing the risk posed by pathogens that may be present in foods.
 

 46. 

What should you do to food to prevent bacteria from growing in it?
 

 47. 

When can you pass a disease on to someone else?
 

 48. 

How might the body deal with pathogens that enter the body through the nose?
 
 

Disease
Cause
Treatment or Care

Flu
a.
 

Strep throat
bacteria
b.

Measles
virus
c.

Sinus infections
d.
antibiotics

Mononucleosis
e.
rest and fluids
 

 49. 

c. Write the treatment or cure for the measles.
 

 50. 

b. Write the treatment or cure for strep throat.
 

 51. 

d. Write the cause of sinus infections.
 

 52. 

e. Write the cause of mononucleosis.
 

 53. 

a. Write the cause of flu.
 

 54. 

What are three ways you can lower your chances of getting an infectious disease?
 

 55. 

What kind of diseases can antibiotics cure? What kind cannot be cured with antibiotics?
 

 56. 

What are the signs of inflammation?
 

 57. 

What are three common diseases that are caused by viruses?
 

Essay
 

 58. 

Does failure to take an antibiotic as prescribed pose a risk to anyone other than the patient? Why or why not?
 

 59. 

What are some of the techniques that scientists use to try to control infectious diseases.
 

 60. 

How does a vaccination work to prevent disease?
 



 
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