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Name: 
 

Chapter 16 Online Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

During adolescence, a person’s thinking becomes
a.
more compassionate.
c.
less compassionate.
b.
less concrete.
d.
less mature.
 

 2. 

For females, the period of physical development during which the body becomes able to have children is called
a.
adulthood.
c.
childhood.
b.
puberty.
d.
adolescence.
 

 3. 

A friend is someone
a.
you feel comfortable with.
c.
who shows empathy.
b.
who is trustworthy.
d.
all of the above
 

 4. 

It is during older adulthood that most people
a.
focus on family responsibilities.
b.
retire from their jobs.
c.
confront death for the first time.
d.
question the choices they made earlier in their lives
 

 5. 

Which of the following is not true of emotional maturity?
a.
It is a goal to achieve during young adulthood.
b.
It requires having the self-esteem to appreciate your talents.
c.
It means being fully developed and fully grown.
d.
It means having the capacity to form close relationships yet act independently.
 

 6. 

At what age does the stage of middle adulthood start?
a.
21
c.
35
b.
33
d.
55
 

 7. 

It is during middle adulthood that most people
a.
reach emotional maturity.
b.
begin to enjoy themselves, because they are free of some previous major responsibilities.
c.
decide to have children.
d.
experience physical and mental deterioration.
 

 8. 

Jessica’s grandfather lives alone and still works. He told Jessica that he is concerned about what might happen if he could no longer work. Jessica’s grandfather is concerned about
a.
his ability to remain physically independent.
b.
losing his mental abilities.
c.
his financial security.
d.
forced retirement.
 

 9. 

Peter’s grandmother has Alzheimer’s disease. His grandfather has been taking care of her, but he is finding this task to be more and more difficult as her condition worsens. Peter’s grandmother does not recognize family members, often gets violent, and has lost bladder control. Peter’s grandmother might best get the care she needs by
a.
having a visiting nurse three days a week.
b.
moving in with Peter’s family.
c.
moving to a retirement community.
d.
moving into a nursing home.
 

 10. 

During young adulthood, a person will most likely confront issues of
a.
career.
c.
death.
b.
retirement.
d.
all of the above
 

 11. 

Most girls start puberty between the ages of
a.
10 and 16 years.
c.
8 and 14 years.
b.
16 and 18 years.
d.
13 and 16 years.
 

 12. 

Effective communication skills include
a.
listening well.
b.
allowing others to talk.
c.
respectfully considering others’ feelings.
d.
all of the above
 

 13. 

In the male body, testes
a.
produce hormones that stimulate ovulation.
b.
become fully mature around the age of 8 years.
c.
produce the hormone testosterone.
d.
are responsible for the widening of the hips and pelvis.
 

 14. 

Menopause occurs because
a.
estrogen levels decrease and progesterone levels increase.
b.
estrogen levels increase and progesterone levels decrease.
c.
estrogen and progesterone levels increase.
d.
estrogen and progesterone levels decrease.
 

 15. 

Changes that accompany menopause include
a.
a thinning of the bones.
b.
an increase in the frequency of ovulation.
c.
increased stamina.
d.
all of the above
 

 16. 

The risk of developing cancer and heart disease can be reduced by
a.
having a large family.
c.
regular exercise and not smoking.
b.
marrying during young adulthood.
d.
seeing a doctor regularly.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 
 
Complete the chart below by filling in the spaces with the appropriate physical changes.
nar001-1.jpg
 

 17. 

Write a physical change for males a.____________________
 

 

 18. 

Write a physical change for males b.____________________
 

 

 19. 

Write a physical change for females e.____________________
 

 

 20. 

Write a physical change for males c._________________________
 

 

 21. 

Write a physical change for females f.____________________
 

 

 22. 

Write a physical change for males d.____________________
 

 

 23. 

Write a physical change for females g.____________________
 

 

 24. 

Older people need to exercise regularly and keep their minds ____________________.
 

 

 25. 

A person with Alzheimer’s disease experiences loss of short-term and long-term ____________________.
 

 

 26. 

Maintaining a healthy weight helps prevent ____________________ later in life.
 

 

 27. 

Regular exercise may prevent disease and ____________________.
 

 

 28. 

The leading cause of death during middle adulthood is ____________________.
 

 

 29. 

Perhaps for the first time in their lives, most young adults enjoy financial ____________________.
 

 

 30. 

Older people can be a great source of ____________________ for younger people.
 

 

 31. 

For older adults, health risks shift from accidents and injuries to illnesses such as ____________________ and cancer.
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement.
a.
puberty
f.
osteoporosis
b.
hormones
g.
Alzheimer’s disease
c.
midlife crisis
h.
middle adulthood
d.
young adulthood
i.
life expectancy
e.
older adulthood
j.
menarche
 

 32. 

chemical substances produced by the endocrine glands
 

 33. 

the period of development during which people become physically able to reproduce
 

 34. 

thinning of the bones
 

 35. 

an incurable illness characterized by a gradual and permanent loss of memory
 

 36. 

average length of time an individual is expected to live
 

 37. 

period of adulthood between the ages of 35 and 65
 

 38. 

period of adulthood that begins at age 65
 

 39. 

period of adulthood between the ages of 21 and 35
 

 40. 

start of menstruation
 

 41. 

sense of uncertainty about one’s identity and values that some people experience in midlife
 

Short Answer
 

 42. 

List the physical changes that both girls and boys experience during puberty.
 

 43. 

Is a person who is 18 years old a teenager, an adolescent, or a young adult?
 

 44. 

What are three choices a person in young adulthood may have to make?
 

 45. 

What is one emotional situation a person may experience during middle adulthood?
 

 46. 

What might be one need of an older adult?
 

 47. 

During which stage of adulthood does menopause occur?
 

 48. 

What are the names of the three reproductive hormones the body begins producing in puberty? Indicate whether each hormone is produced in the female or the male body.
 

Essay
 

 49. 

Explain the difference between adolescence and puberty.
 

 50. 

Explain why adolescents commonly feel angry, lonely, or depressed.
 

 51. 

What is a clique? Why can cliques cause more harm than good?
 

 52. 

Discuss how Alzheimer’s disease affects older adults.
 

 53. 

Provide some examples of effective communication skills, and explain how using these skills can improve relationships.
 

 54. 

What are some of the changes that occur during young adulthood?
 

 55. 

What are some of the financial concerns associated with middle adulthood?
 

 56. 

What types of nonphysical changes occur during adolescence?
 

 57. 

What are some of the social changes associated with middle adulthood?
 

 58. 

What are some benefits of being an older adult? What are some challenges?
 

 59. 

What lifestyle choices can you make now to positively influence your health as you grow older? Specify how each choice will influence your health.
 

 60. 

Discuss the elements that are vital to a good friendship.
 



 
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